Tech Tuesday: Slow Motion Blurs

Tech Tuesday pano

 

I live in the perfect location to photograph one of my favorite subjects; moving water.  With all the waterfalls, rivers and streams, and the Oregon Coast nearby I am in water photography paradise!…

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ISO 200 1/180 @ f8

 

Not only do we have lot’s of moving water, we have plenty of overcast days (not something one usually brags about but, in this case, justified) which are perfect for providing softer light and allowing me to achieve slower shutter speeds than I would be able to if the sun were shining brightly.

Even with the overcast light, there can be challenges to reaching that perfect balance of aperture, shutter speed and ISO to render motion with just the right amount of blur to convey the desired effect that I am after.  Your taste may vary!

Finding the right shutter speed/s for the movement of your subject is an important step in capturing the look and feel that you are after.  The amount of light, your lens’s aperture range and your camera’s ISO settings all play a part in the shutter speeds that you can achieve in any given situation…

ISO 100 2 sec @ f32

 

And there are times when you have dialed in the lowest ISO setting, the smallest Aperture and you still can’t get a slow enough shutter speed.  How do you achieve extreme slow shutter speeds beyond what you camera is capable of in any light?…

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ISO L1.0 (50 Equivalent) 2 min @ f38 with Hoya ND400X

 

Tech Specs…

-Mid-morning, partly cloudy sky with light dancing across the waves

-Camera/Lens mounted to sturdy tripod, remote release (with interval timer) attached to camera

-Compose the scene to my liking

-Adjust critical focus using AF…then turn the AF switch to Manual!

-Fire a test shot for exposure information, review the histogram and/or Highlight Warnings on camera’s rear lcd, establish a “base” exposure

-Adjust ISO and/or aperture to find the shutter speed that provides the amount of blur desired.

-Once I have found the Aperture/Shutter Speed/ ISO combination that I like, I fire off a series of images.  With motion blur I never know what interesting patters I might capture so I shoot multiples of each composition.

-If I am shooting within my camera’s shutter speed range of thirty seconds or faster, I will normally leave my camera on aperture priority.  If, however, I want a shutter speed slower than thirty seconds I can go to Manual Exposure and with my remote release (MC-36) I can dial in the length of time I want the shutter to stay open into minutes or even hours.

-If there is too much light to slow my shutter speed enough to capture the blur I are looking for, I add a polarizing filter (up to 2 stop drop in shutter speed) or a neutral density filter (they come in varying sizes and densities from 1 to 10 stops).

-Once I have my base exposure established I adjust the settings to a slower shutter speed setting by either adjusting the aperture, ISO or both.  Example: for the above image, I did my test shot before attaching the ND400X and my reading at 100 ISO and f38 gave me 1/15 of a second which was too fast for my desired look.  I made a mental note of my exposure and then attached the ND400X filter and calculated what ten stops slower would be which gave me 1 minute.  I dialed the ISO to L1.0, which allowed me to shoot at a final shutter speed of 2 minutes.

-I set the camera on Manual exposure and dialed the shutter speed to the BULB setting and dialed in a 2 minute exposure on my remote release and made one final test shot.  Once I confirmed that I liked the results, I dialed in interval shooting so the camera would fire over and over while I sat back and enjoyed watching the waves.

*Note: These motion blur techniques can be created with any moving subject.

Equipment:

-Nikon D4 with AF-S 28-300mm 3.5-5.6 G VR

-Nikon MC-36 Remote Release with interval timer adjustments

-Gitzo GT3531 Carbon Fiber Tripod with Really Right Stuff BH-55 ballhead

-Hoya 77mm ND 400X 10-stop Neutral Density Filter

Comments

  1. Tom Ambrose says:

    Welcome back!

  2. Gary Scaife says:

    Nice to have you back.

  3. Mary E. Garner says:

    I’m just a novice, but have tried to capture the full moon on stormy nights when the clouds are encircling or
    passing quickly over. It has been quite a challenge for me. Some shots I purely just lucked on. The hallos
    around the moon when moisture is in the atmosphere are beautiful. You captured a similar look in your ocean
    shot, very beautifully.

    I’m so glad you have your camera in hand again. Praise God!

    Blessings,
    Mary

  4. Rudolf F. Koch says:

    generally, I am not interested in photographing cotton like water.however on a few occasions I have done slow exposures and I’m planning on more.
    thank you for a fine layout of the procedure.
    I hope you are mending well

  5. Don Bromberg says:

    Welcome Back!!! I have been checking the website everyday to see when you’ll be back. As always, this post was extremely helpful and informative. Thanks.

  6. Megg McNamee says:

    So glad to see you again. Hope you are well. Iam at a workshop in Wyoming. Spectacular. Take a look at The Hideout Ranch in Shell, WY. Great place for photography workshops & your kind of people and place!

  7. Nice

  8. I have always loved Tech Tuesdays. Thanks for sharing your knowledge.